Situated in Xibei Road, Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Museum is a large integrated museum and centre for the collection and study of cultural relics discovered in the region. Built in 1953, this Uygur style museum has an exhibition hall that covers an area of about 7,800 square meters, and houses over 50,000 items including ancient costumes, historical relics and mummies.
The exhibition relating to folk customs includes costumes, tools and daily necessities. Together they vividly illustrate the dress code, lifestyle, religion, marriage customs, festivals and other aspects of 12 minorities in Xinjiang.
Historical relics include carpentry, ironware, bronze ware, bright and beautiful brocade, tombstones, pottery, coins, stone tablets, and writing as well as weapons. These give an insight into the past and show the historical development of Xinjiang in primitive, slave, and feudal society.
The display of ancient corpses is fantastic, for it was in this region that a great number of ancient and well preserved remains were discovered. These are quite different from the mummies in Egypt that were created using skilled embalming procedures; the corpses here were dried under particular natural conditions. In all there are twenty-one specimens in the collection that include men, women, couples, and generals. The ‘Loulan beauty’ is among the best preserved and famous, with reddish brown skin, thick eyelashes, charming large eyes, and long hair, having survived for an estimated 4,000 years.
The Museum provides free entry to about 2000 people each day.
Opening Hours: Tuesday to Sunday
10:00 to 18:00, April 15 to Oct. 15 (last entry at 16:30)
10:30 to 18:00, Oct. 16 to April 14 (last entry at 16:30)