China has recently unveiled an overall plan for establishing its new national park system. By 2020 China will finish pilot programs for establishing 10 national parks which are expected to undergo assessments in the coming years. Read on for a closer look at these 10 pilot national parks!
1. Sanjiangyuan National Park
Located in northwest China’s Qinghai Province, Sanjiangyuan is the first and biggest of the 10 pilot national parks. Sanjiangyuan (literally: “Source of Three Rivers”), sits in the Tibetan Plateau and contains the headwaters of three great rivers of Asia: the Yellow, the Yangtze, and Lancang (Mekong) rivers. This area is home to many different types of vegetation such as coniferous forest, broad-leaved forest, bush wood, and marshy grassland.
2. Giant Panda National Park
More than 80 protected areas in Sichuan, Shaanxi and Gansu that are home to the majority of China’s wild giant panda population will be incorporated into this 27,134-square-kilometer park.
In addition to giant pandas, they are home to more than 8,000 other wildlife species including Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys.
3.The National Park for Siberian Tigers and Siberian Leopards
The park, covering 14,612 square kilometers, will span across the southern region of Laoyeling between Jilin and Heilongjiang Provinces, bordering Russia in the northeast. The park covers 25% of the total area of the Siberian tiger and Siberian leopard habitats in China and includes more than 75% of the animals’ total wild population.
4.Shennongjia National Park
Located in the west of Hubei Province, Shennongjia National Park is well-known for its vast expanse of primeval forests. It’s home to a number of the world’s endangered species, a tremendous variety of medicinal herbs and some mysteries of nature. It was listed as a world heritage by UNESCO in 2016. Because of legends such as that about the mysterious “Wild Man (or Man Monkey)” said to be found in the mountains, the forested area attracts large numbers of tourists every year.
5.Qianjiangyuan National Park
Qianjiangyuan (literally: the source of Qiantang River), located in Zhejiang Province, features a wide range of primary forest. It is the habitat of threatened animals such as the Elliot’s pheasant and tufted deer, both native to China. The national park also has a variety of seed plants.
6.Mount Nanshan National Park
Located in central Hunan Province, this area is well-known for its complete ecological system and abundant fauna and flora resources. It’s also a stopover site for tens of thousands of migratory birds.
7.Mount Wuyi National Park
Dubbed as “one of the most spectacular mountain regions of southeastern China,” Wuyishan Nature Park is well known for its abundance of deep canyons, dense forests, waterfalls, and some endangered animals. It’s an ideal destination for nature lovers.
8.The Great Wall National Park
The Great Wall National Park is the only historic relic in these 10 pilot parks. Located in Yanqing District, Beijing, it combines parts of the World Geopark at Yanqing district, the Badaling and Ming Dynasty Tombs scenic area, the Badaling forest park and the Badaling Great Wall world cultural heritage.
9.Pudacuo National Park
About 40 minutes’ drive from central Shangri-la , Yunnan Province, the park is renowned for well-preserved primitive landscape, which include lakes, wetlands, forests, meadows, streams, brooks, rare plants and rare animals. Tibetan culture and customs are also component parts of the park.
10.Mount Qilian National Park
Qilian Mountains are a rugged mountain range on the border of Qinghai and Gansu Provinces. The altitude of Qilian Mountains ranges from 4,000 to 6,000 meters. Mountain snow forms aglacial imposing landscape. Snow covers the mountain tops all year long and livestock herds graze in the well-watered valleys.